Multiple sclerosis is a chronic, unpredictable disease of the central nervous system (the brain, optic nerves, and spinal cord). It is thought to be an autoimmune disorder. This means the immune system incorrectly attacks the person’s healthy tissue.
There are different types of MS – so just knowing one person with the illness does not make you an expert – no two cases are just alike.
What can MS cause?
MS can cause blurred vision, loss of balance, poor coordination, slurred speech, tremors, numbness, extreme fatigue, problems with memory and concentration, paralysis, and blindness and more. These problems may be permanent or may come and go. Something that makes MS a difficult disease to diagnose and treat is the fact that sometimes it is an “invisible ilness”. You can look ok on the outside and be going through hell on the inside. This also makes things difficult for some people with MS, because other’s won’t/don’t believe them until their symptoms have progressed.
Who does MS affect?
Most people are diagnosed between the ages of 20 and 50, although individuals as young as 2 and as old as 75 have developed it. More women are diagnosed with MS than men, but more men are diagnoised with progressive Multiple sclerosis. MS is not considered a fatal disease as the vast majority of people with it live a normal life-span. But they <s>may</s> will struggle to live as productively as they desire, often facing increasing limitations. As many as 2.5 million people in the US are affected by Multiple Sclerosis. Chances are you know at least one person with the illness.
Factual information provided by the National Multiple Sclerosis Society